Annual Report and Accounts 2014

 

Notes to the Financial Statements

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3. Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgements
4. Segment Information
5. Other Operating Income/Expense

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Statement of Compliance

The consolidated financial statements of DCC plc have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (‘IFRS’) and their interpretations approved by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) as adopted by the European Union (EU) and those parts of the Companies Acts, 1963 to 2013 applicable to companies reporting under IFRS. IFRS as adopted by the EU differ in certain respects from IFRS as issued by the IASB. Both the Parent Company and the Group financial statements have been prepared in accordance with IFRS as adopted by the EU and references to IFRS hereafter should be construed as references to IFRS as adopted by the EU. In presenting the Parent Company financial statements together with the Group financial statements, the Company has availed of the exemption in Section 148(8) of the Companies Act 1963 not to present its individual Income Statement and related notes that form part of the approved Company financial statements. The Company has also availed of the exemption from filing its individual Income Statement with the Registrar of Companies as permitted by Section 7(1A) of the Companies (Amendment) Act 1986.

The Going Concern Statement on this page forms part of the Group financial statements.

DCC plc, the ultimate parent company, is a publicly traded limited company incorporated and domiciled in the Republic of Ireland.

Change in Presentation Currency

On 26 February 2013 the Group announced that from the beginning of the current financial year it would be changing the currency in which it presents its financial results from euro to UK pounds sterling (‘sterling’). For some time, the majority of the Group’s revenue and operating profit has been generated in the UK in sterling. In the past, fluctuations in the sterling/euro exchange rate have given rise to differences between reported results and constant currency results. Accordingly, the Board determined that, with effect from 1 April 2013, DCC will present its results in sterling. The Board believes that this change will help to provide a clearer understanding of DCC’s financial performance by more closely reflecting the profile of its operations. Given the current composition of the Group’s activities, this change is expected to reduce the impact of currency movements on reported results.

In order to satisfy the requirements of IAS 21 with respect to a change in presentation currency, the statutory financial information as previously reported in the Group’s Annual Reports has been restated from euro into sterling using the procedures outlined below:

  • assets and liabilities of foreign operations where the functional currency is other than sterling were translated into sterling at the relevant closing rates of exchange. Non-sterling trading results were translated into sterling at the relevant average rates of exchange. Differences arising from the retranslation of the opening net assets and the results for the year have been taken to the foreign currency translation reserve;
  • the cumulative foreign currency translation reserve was set to nil at 1 April 2004, the date of transition to IFRS. All subsequent movements comprising differences on the retranslation of the opening net assets of non-sterling subsidiaries have been taken to the foreign currency translation reserve. Share capital, share premium and other reserves were translated at the historic rates prevailing at the dates of transactions; and
  • all exchange rates used were extracted from the Group’s underlying financial records.

Further information on the procedures used to restate comparative information can be found on page 181 of the 2013 Annual Report.

A change in presentation currency represents a change in accounting policy which is accounted for retrospectively.

Basis of Preparation

The consolidated financial statements, which are presented in sterling, rounded to the nearest thousand, have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as modified by the measurement at fair value of share-based payments, post employment benefit obligations and certain financial assets and liabilities including derivative financial instruments. The carrying values of recognised assets and liabilities that are hedged are adjusted to record changes in the fair values attributable to the risks that are being hedged.

The accounting policies applied in the preparation of the financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2014 are set out below. These policies have been applied consistently by the Group’s subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates for all periods presented in these consolidated financial statements.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. In addition, it requires management to exercise judgement in the process of applying the Company’s accounting policies. The areas involving a high degree of judgement or complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements are documented in note 3.

Adoption of IFRS and International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (‘IFRIC’) Interpretations

The Group has adopted the following standards, interpretations and amendments to existing standards during the financial year:

  • Amendment to IAS 1 Presentation of Items of Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). This amendment introduced a requirement for entities to group items of OCI on the basis of whether they are potentially re-classifiable to profit or loss subsequently. This amendment has resulted in some presentation changes and comparative information has been presented accordingly. The adoption of this amendment had no impact on the recognised assets, liabilities and comprehensive income of the Group;
  • Amendment to IAS 19 Employee Benefits. The IASB has issued a number of amendments to IAS 19. This amendment (which was EU endorsed on 6 June 2012) made significant changes to the recognition and measurement of defined benefit pension expense and termination benefits. The main impact on the Group, apart from additional required disclosures, is that the expected return on defined benefit pension assets included in the Income Statement is no longer based on an estimate of asset returns but is now calculated based on the discount rate. The change in accounting policy had no impact on net assets and had no material impact on earnings per share for the current or comparative periods. Accordingly, for the comparative year ended 31 March 2013, the expected return on defined benefit pension scheme assets (previously reported under finance income) has been netted off against the interest on defined benefit pension scheme liabilities (previously reported under finance costs);
  • IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement. This standard sets out a single framework for measuring fair value and requires disclosures about fair value measurements. It applies when other IFRSs require or permit fair value measurements. It does not introduce new requirements to measure an asset or liability at fair value, change what is measured at fair value in IFRS or address how to present changes in fair value. The disclosure requirements have been adopted in the consolidated financial statements. This standard did not have a significant impact on the Group’s financial statements;
  • Amendments to IFRS 7 Disclosures - Offsetting Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. These amendments require an entity to disclose information about rights of set-off and related arrangements (e.g. collateral agreements). The disclosures will provide users with information that is useful in evaluating the effect of netting arrangements on an entity’s financial position. The adoption of the amendments did not have a material impact on the Group’s consolidated financial statements; and
  • Amendment to IAS 36 Recoverable Amount Disclosures for Non-Financial Assets. This amendment sets out the changes to the disclosures when recoverable amount is determined based on fair value less costs of disposal. The key amendment is to remove the requirement to disclose recoverable amount when a cash-generating unit (‘CGU’) contains goodwill or indefinite lived intangible assets but there has been no impairment. The amendment is not mandatory for the Group until 1 April 2014, however the Group has decided to early adopt the amendment as of 1 April 2013.

There are a number of other changes to IFRS which became effective for the Group during the financial year but did not result in material changes to the Group’s consolidated financial statements.

Standards, interpretations and amendments to published standards that are not yet effective

The Group has not applied certain new standards, amendments and interpretations to existing standards that have been issued but are not yet effective, the most significant of which are as follows:

  • IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements (effective date: DCC financial year beginning 1 April 2014). This standard (which was EU endorsed on 29 December 2012) replaces all of the guidance on control and consolidation in IAS 27 and SIC 12. IFRS 10 changes the definition of control so that the same criteria are applied to all entities to determine control. The core principle that a consolidated entity presents a parent and its subsidiaries as if they are a single entity remains unchanged, as do the mechanics of consolidation. IAS 27 is renamed ‘Separate Financial Statements’ and is now a standard dealing solely with separate financial statements. This standard and the amendment to IAS 27 are not expected to have a significant impact on the Group’s financial statements;
  • IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements (effective date: DCC financial year beginning 1 April 2014). This standard (which was EU endorsed on 29 December 2012) eliminates the existing accounting policy choice of proportionate consolidation for jointly controlled entities. IFRS 11 makes equity accounting mandatory for participants in joint ventures. Changes in definitions also mean that the types of joint arrangements have been reduced from three to two; joint operations and joint ventures. IFRS 11 also made a number of consequential amendments to IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures. On adoption of IFRS 11 the Group will be required to equity account for its interests in jointly controlled entities. This standard will impact the Group financial statements as the Group currently has adopted an accounting policy of proportionate consolidation for jointly controlled entities. The change to equity accounting will have no impact on the Group’s profit after tax but will impact each line item in the Consolidated Income Statement. The impact of IFRS 11 on the current period, which will be the comparative period as of 31 March 2015, will be to increase the Group’s share of equity-accounted investments (which currently only include the results of our associate investments) by £0.9 million, decrease revenue by £20.8 million and operating profit by £1.1 million, and reduce income tax expense by £0.2 million. The Group’s Consolidated Balance Sheet will also be impacted on a line by line basis. The Group’s investments accounted for using the equity method will increase by £5.2 million. The Group’s other non-current assets will decrease by £6.0 million. The impact on current assets and current liabilities will be a reduction of £3.2 million and £4.0 million respectively;
  • IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities (effective date: DCC financial year beginning 1 April 2014). This standard (which was EU endorsed on 29 December 2012) sets out the required disclosures for entities reporting under IFRS 10 and IFRS 11. IFRS 12 requires entities to disclose information about the nature, risks and financial effects associated with the entity’s interests in subsidiaries, associates, joint arrangements and unconsolidated structured entities. This standard will not have a significant impact on the Group’s financial statements; and
  • IFRS 9 Financial Instruments (effective date not yet confirmed). This standard is designed to replace IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement and is being completed in a number of phases. The majority of these phases have been completed however the impairment phase of the project has yet to be concluded. In November 2013 the IASB decided that the mandatory date for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2015 would not allow sufficient time for entities to prepare to apply the new standard and accordingly, that a new effective date should be decided upon when the entire IFRS 9 project is closer to completion. EU endorsement of this standard has therefore been postponed. The new standard is likely to affect the Group’s accounting for some financial instruments. Subject to EU endorsement, the Group will apply IFRS 9 from its effective date. The Group will quantify the effect of IFRS 9 when the complete standard is issued.

Basis of Consolidation

Subsidiaries

Subsidiaries are entities that are controlled by the Group. Control exists where the Group has the power, directly or indirectly, to govern the financial and operating policies of the entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities. In assessing control, potential voting rights that are currently exercisable or convertible are taken into account.

The results of subsidiary undertakings acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the Group Income Statement from the date of their acquisition or up to the date of their disposal. Where necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring their accounting policies into line with those used by the Group.

Joint ventures

In accordance with IAS 31 Interests in Joint Ventures, the Group’s share of results and net assets of joint ventures, which are entities in which the Group holds an interest on a long-term basis and which are jointly controlled by the Group and one or more other venturers under a contractual arrangement, are accounted for on the basis of proportionate consolidation from the date on which the contractual agreements stipulating joint control are finalised and are derecognised when joint control ceases. All of the Group’s joint ventures are jointly controlled entities within the meaning of IAS 31. The Group combines its share of the joint ventures’ individual income and expenses, assets and liabilities and cash flows on a line-by-line basis with similar items in the Group’s financial statements.

Associates

Associates are all entities over which the Group has significant influence but not control, generally accompanying a shareholding of between 20% and 50% of the voting rights. Investments in associates are accounted for using the equity method of accounting and are initially recognised at cost. The Group’s investment in associates includes goodwill identified on acquisition, net of any accumulated impairment loss. Goodwill attributable to investments in associates is treated in accordance with the accounting policy for goodwill.

The Group’s share of its associates’ post-acquisition profits or losses is recognised in the Group Income Statement, and its share of post-acquisition movements in reserves is recognised in reserves. The cumulative post-acquisition movements are adjusted against the carrying amount of the investment. When the Group’s share of losses in an associate equals or exceeds its interest in the associate, including any other unsecured receivables, the Group does not recognise further losses, unless it has incurred obligations or made payments on behalf of the associate.

The results of associates are included from the effective date on which the Group obtains significant influence and are excluded from the effective date on which the Group ceases to have significant influence.

Transactions eliminated on consolidation

Intra-group balances and transactions, and any unrealised gains arising from such transactions, are eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements. Unrealised gains arising from transactions with joint ventures and associates are eliminated to the extent of the Group’s interest in the entity. Unrealised losses are eliminated in the same manner as unrealised gains, but only to the extent that there is no evidence of impairment.

Investments in Subsidiary Undertakings

Investments in subsidiaries are stated at cost less any accumulated impairments and are reviewed for impairment if there are indications that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue comprises the fair value of the sale of goods and services to external customers net of value added tax, rebates and discounts. Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods are transferred to the buyer, which generally arises on delivery, or in accordance with specific terms and conditions agreed with customers. Revenue from the rendering of services is recognised in the period in which the services are rendered.

Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable.

Dividend income from investments is recognised when shareholders’ rights to receive payment have been established.

Segment Reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments. The Group has determined that it has five reportable operating segments: DCC Energy, DCC Technology, DCC Healthcare, DCC Environmental and DCC Food & Beverage.

Foreign Currency Translation

Functional and presentation currency

The functional currency of the Company is euro. The consolidated financial statements are presented in sterling which is the Company’s and the Group’s presentation currency. Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates.

Transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate of exchange ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rate of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Currency translation differences on monetary assets and liabilities are taken to the Group Income Statement except when cash flow or net investment hedge accounting is applied.

Group companies

Results and cash flows of subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates which do not have sterling as their functional currency are translated into sterling at average exchange rates for the year. Average exchange rates are a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates on the transaction dates. The related balance sheets are translated at the rates of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. Adjustments arising on translation of the results of such subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates at average rates, and on the restatement of the opening net assets at closing rates, are dealt with in a separate translation reserve within equity, net of differences on related currency instruments designated as hedges of such investments.

On disposal of a foreign operation, such cumulative currency translation differences are recognised in the Income Statement as part of the overall gain or loss on disposal. In accordance with IFRS 1, cumulative currency translation differences arising prior to the transition date to IFRS (1 April 2004) have been set to zero for the purposes of ascertaining the gain or loss on disposal of a foreign operation.

Goodwill and fair value adjustments arising on acquisition of a foreign operation are regarded as assets and liabilities of the foreign operation, are expressed in the functional currency of the foreign operation and are recorded at the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and subsequently retranslated at the applicable closing rates.

Exceptional Items

The Group has adopted an Income Statement format which seeks to highlight significant items within the Group results for the year. Such items may include restructuring, profit or loss on disposal or termination of operations, litigation costs and settlements, profit or loss on disposal of investments, profit or loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment, IAS 39 ineffective mark to market movements together with gains or losses arising from currency swaps offset by gains or losses on related fixed rate debt, acquisition costs, profit or loss on defined benefit pension scheme restructuring, adjustments to deferred and contingent consideration (arising on business combinations from 1 April 2010) and impairment of assets. Judgement is used by the Group in assessing the particular items, which by virtue of their scale and nature, should be presented in the Income Statement and disclosed in the related notes as exceptional items.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Depreciation is provided on a straight-line basis at the rates stated below, which are estimated to reduce each item of property, plant and equipment to its residual value level by the end of its useful life:

 

Annual Rate

Freehold and long term leasehold buildings

2%

Plant and machinery

5 - 331/3%

Cylinders

62/3%

Motor vehicles

10 - 331/3%

Fixtures, fittings & office equipment

10 - 331/3%


Land is not depreciated. The residual values and useful lives of property, plant and equipment are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each balance sheet date.

In accordance with IAS 36 Impairment of Assets, the carrying amounts of items of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash-generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount.

Impairment losses are recognised in the Income Statement. Following the recognition of an impairment loss, the depreciation charge applicable to the asset or cash-generating unit is adjusted prospectively in order to systematically allocate the revised carrying amount, net of any residual value, over the remaining useful life.

Subsequent costs are included in an asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Group and the cost of the replaced item can be measured reliably. All other repair and maintenance costs are charged to the Income Statement during the financial period in which they are incurred.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the construction of property, plant and equipment are capitalised as part of the cost of those assets.

Business Combinations

Business combinations from 1 April 2010

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed in a business combination are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the aggregate of the consideration transferred, measured at acquisition date fair value. For each business combination, the acquirer measures the non-controlling interest in the acquiree either at fair value or at the proportionate share of the acquiree’s identifiable net assets. Acquisition costs are expensed as incurred.

When the Group acquires a business it assesses the financial assets and liabilities assumed for appropriate classification and designation in accordance with the contractual terms, economic circumstances and pertinent conditions as at the acquisition date.

If the business combination is achieved in stages, the acquisition date fair value of the acquirer’s previously held equity interest in the acquiree is re-measured to fair value at the acquisition date through the Income Statement.

Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the acquirer will be recognised at fair value at the acquisition date. Subsequent changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration which is deemed to be an asset or liability will be recognised in accordance with IAS 39 in the Income Statement.

Goodwill is initially measured at cost being the excess of the aggregate of the consideration transferred and the amount recognised for non-controlling interest over the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If this consideration is lower than the fair value of the net assets of the subsidiary acquired in the case of a bargain purchase, the difference is recognised in the Income Statement.

A financial liability is recognised in relation to the other shareholder’s option to put its shareholding, being the fair value of the estimate of amounts payable to acquire the subsidiary shareholding. The financial liability is included in deferred and contingent

consideration. The discount component is unwound as an interest charge in the Income Statement over the life of the obligation.

Subsequent changes to the financial liability are recognised in the Income Statement.

Business combinations prior to 1 April 2010

Business combinations were accounted for using the purchase method. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition formed part of the acquisition costs. The non-controlling interest (formerly known as minority interest) was measured at the proportionate share of the acquiree’s identifiable net assets.

Business combinations achieved in stages were accounted for as separate steps. Any additional acquired share of interest did not affect previously recognised goodwill.

Contingent consideration was recognised if the Group had a present obligation, the economic outflow was more likely than not and a reliable estimate was determinable. Subsequent adjustments to the contingent consideration were recognised as part of goodwill.

A financial liability was recognised in relation to the other shareholder’s option to put its shareholding, being the fair value of the estimate of amounts payable to acquire the subsidiary shareholding. The financial liability was included in deferred and contingent consideration. The discount component was unwound as an interest charge in the Income Statement over the life of the obligation. Subsequent changes to the financial liability were recognised as an adjustment to goodwill.

Non-Current Assets Held for Sale

Non-current assets and disposal groups are classified as assets held for sale if their carrying amounts will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use. This condition is regarded as met only when the sale is highly probable and the asset or disposal group is available for immediate sale in its present condition. Management must be committed to the sale, which should be expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year from the date of classification. The assets held for sale are stated at the lower of their carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell.

Goodwill

Goodwill arising in respect of acquisitions completed prior to 1 April 2004 (being the transition date to IFRS) is included at its carrying amount, which equates to its net book value recorded under previous GAAP. In accordance with IFRS 1, the accounting treatment of business combinations undertaken prior to the transition date was not reconsidered and goodwill amortisation ceased with effect from the transition date.

Goodwill on acquisitions is initially measured at cost being the excess of the cost of the business combination over the acquirer’s interest in the net fair value of the identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities. Goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated, from the acquisition date, to the cash-generating units or groups of cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose.

Following initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired.

The carrying amount of goodwill in respect of associates, net of any impairment, is included in investments in associates under the equity method in the Group Balance Sheet.

Goodwill is subject to impairment testing on an annual basis and at any time during the year if an indicator of impairment is considered to exist; the goodwill impairment tests are undertaken at a consistent time in each annual period. Impairment is determined by assessing the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the goodwill relates. Where the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit is less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognised. Impairment losses arising in respect of goodwill are not reversed following recognition.

Where a subsidiary is sold, any goodwill arising on acquisition, net of any impairments, is included in determining the profit or loss arising on disposal.

Where goodwill forms part of a cash-generating unit and part of the operations within that unit are disposed of, the goodwill associated with the operation disposed of is included in the carrying amount of the operation when determining the gain or loss on disposal of the operation. Goodwill disposed of in this circumstance is measured on the basis of the relative values of the operation disposed of and the proportion of the cash-generating unit retained.

Intangible Assets (other than Goodwill)

Intangible assets acquired separately are capitalised at cost. Intangible assets acquired in the course of a business combination are capitalised at fair value being their deemed cost as at the date of acquisition.

Following initial recognition, intangible assets which have a finite life are carried at cost less any applicable accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment losses. Where amortisation is charged on assets with finite lives this expense is taken to the Income Statement.

The amortisation of intangible assets is calculated to write off the book value of intangible assets over their useful lives on a straight-line basis on the assumption of zero residual value. In general, finite-lived intangible assets are amortised over periods ranging from two to six years, depending on the nature of the intangible asset.

The carrying amount of finite-lived intangible assets are reviewed for indicators of impairment at each reporting date and are subject to impairment testing when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying values may not be recoverable. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash-generating units).

The Group does not have any indefinite-lived intangible assets other than goodwill.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost is determined on a first in first out basis and in the case of raw materials, bought-in goods and expense inventories, comprises purchase price plus transport and handling costs less trade discounts and subsidies. Cost, in the case of products manufactured by the Group, consists of direct material and labour costs together with the relevant production overheads based on normal levels of activity. Net realisable value represents the estimated selling price less costs to completion and appropriate selling and distribution costs.

Provision is made, where necessary, for slow moving, obsolete and defective inventories.

Financial instruments

A financial instrument is recognised when the Group becomes a party to its contractual provisions. Financial assets are derecognised when the Group’s contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial assets expire, are extinguished or transferred to a third party. Financial liabilities are derecognised when the Group’s obligations specified in the contracts expire, are discharged or cancelled.

Leases

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

Assets held under finance leases are capitalised as assets of the Group at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding liability to the lessor is included in the Balance Sheet as a short, medium or long term lease obligation as appropriate. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease obligation so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognised in the Income Statement.

Rentals payable under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to the Income Statement on a straight line basis over the term of the relevant lease.

Trade and Other Receivables

Trade and other receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method less provision for impairment.

A provision for impairment of trade receivables is established when there is objective evidence that the Group will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the original terms of receivables. Significant financial difficulties of the debtor, probability that the debtor will enter bankruptcy or financial reorganisation, and default in payments are considered indicators that the trade receivable is impaired. The amount of the provision is the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows. The amount of the provision is recognised in the Income Statement.

Trade and Other Payables

Trade and other payables are initially recognised at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost, which approximates to fair value given the short-dated nature of these liabilities.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand and short term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

For the purpose of the Group Cash Flow Statement, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and cash equivalents as defined above, net of bank overdrafts.

Interest-Bearing Loans and Borrowings

All loans and borrowings are initially recorded at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Loans and borrowings are subsequently stated at amortised cost; any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognised in the Income Statement over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Group uses derivative financial instruments (principally interest rate, currency and cross currency interest rate swaps and forward foreign exchange and commodity contracts) to hedge its exposure to interest rate and foreign exchange risks and to changes in the prices of certain commodity products arising from operational, financing and investment activities.

Derivative financial instruments are recognised at inception at fair value, being the present value of estimated future cash flows. The method of recognising the resulting gain or loss depends on whether the derivative is designated as a hedging instrument, and if so, the nature of the item being hedged.

Changes in the fair value of currency swaps that are hedging borrowings and for which the Group has not elected to apply hedge accounting, along with changes in the fair value of derivatives hedging borrowings, that are part of designated fair value hedge relationships, are reflected in the Income Statement in ‘Finance Costs’ and presented in note 12.

Changes in the fair value of other derivative financial instruments for which the Group has not elected to apply hedge accounting are reflected in the Income Statement, in ‘Other Operating Income’ or ‘Other Operating Expenses’ and presented in note 5.

Hedging

For the purposes of hedge accounting, hedges are designated either as fair value hedges (which hedge the exposure to movements in the fair value of recognised assets or liabilities or firm commitments that are attributable to hedged risks) or cash flow hedges (which hedge exposures to fluctuations in future cash flows derived from a particular risk associated with recognised assets or liabilities or highly probable forecast transactions).

The Group documents, at the inception of the transactions, the relationship between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as its risk management objectives and strategy for undertaking various hedging transactions. The Group also documents its assessment, both at hedge inception and on an ongoing basis, of whether the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in fair values or cash flows of hedged items.

The fair values of various derivative instruments are disclosed in note 28 and the movements on the cash flow hedge reserve in equity are shown in note 38. The full fair value of a derivative is classified as a non-current asset or non-current liability if the remaining maturity of the derivative is more than twelve months and as a current asset or current liability if the remaining maturity of the derivative is less than twelve months.

Fair value hedge

In the case of fair value hedges which satisfy the conditions for hedge accounting, any gain or loss arising from the re-measurement of the fair value of the hedging instrument is reported in the Income Statement, together with any changes in the fair value of the hedged asset or liability that are attributable to the hedged risk. As a result, the gain or loss on interest rate swaps and cross currency interest rate swaps that are in hedge relationships with borrowings are included within ‘Finance Income’ or ‘Finance Costs’. In the case of the related hedged borrowings, any gain or loss on the hedged item which is attributable to the hedged risk is adjusted against the carrying amount of the hedged item and reflected in the Income Statement within ‘Finance Costs’ or ‘Finance Income’. The gain or loss on commodity derivatives that are designated as fair value hedges of firm commitments are recognised in the Income Statement. Any change in the fair value of the firm commitment attributable to the hedged risk is recognised as an asset or liability on the Balance Sheet with a corresponding gain or loss in the Income Statement.

If a hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, the adjustment to the carrying amount of the hedged item is amortised to the Income Statement over the period to maturity.

Cash flow hedge

Where a derivative financial instrument is designated as a hedge of the variability in cash flows of a recognised asset or liability or a highly probable forecasted transaction, the effective part of any gain or loss on the derivative financial instrument is recognised as a separate component of equity. The ineffective portion is reported in the Income Statement in ‘Finance Income’ and ‘Finance Costs’ where the hedged item is private placement debt, and in ‘Other Operating Income’ or ‘Other Operating Expenses’ for all other cases. When a forecast transaction results in the recognition of an asset or a liability, the cumulative gain or loss is removed from equity and included in the initial measurement of the asset or liability. Otherwise, the associated gains or losses that had previously been recognised in equity are transferred to the Income Statement in the same reporting period as the hedged transaction in Revenue or Costs of Sales (depending on whether the hedge related to a forecasted sale or purchase).

When a hedging instrument expires or is sold, or when a hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, any cumulative gain or loss existing in equity at that time remains in equity and is recognised when the forecast transaction is ultimately recognised in the Income Statement. When a forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, the cumulative gain or loss that was reported in equity is immediately transferred to the Income Statement.

Provisions

A provision is recognised in the Balance Sheet when the Group has a present obligation (either legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, and it is probable that a transfer of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are measured at the Directors’ best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date and are discounted to present value where the effect is material.

A provision for restructuring is recognised when the Group has approved a detailed and formal restructuring plan and announced its main provisions.

Provisions arising on business combinations are only recognised to the extent that they would have qualified for recognition in the financial statements of the acquiree prior to the acquisition.

A contingent liability is not recognised but is disclosed where the existence of the obligation will only be confirmed by future events or where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or where the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with reasonable reliability. Contingent assets are not recognised but are disclosed where an inflow of economic benefits is probable.

Environmental Provisions

The Group’s waste management and recycling activities are subject to various laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment. Full provision is made for the net present value of the Group’s estimated costs in relation to restoration liabilities at its landfill sites. The net present value of the estimated costs is capitalised as property, plant and equipment and the unwinding of the discount element on the restoration provision is reflected in the Income Statement.

Finance Costs

Finance costs comprise interest payable on borrowings calculated using the effective interest rate method, net losses on hedging instruments that are recognised in the Income Statement, facility fees and the unwinding of discounts on provisions. The interest expense component of finance lease payments is recognised in the Income Statement using the effective interest rate method. The net finance cost on defined benefit pension scheme liabilities is recognised in the Income Statement in accordance with IAS 19.

The ‘mark to market of designated swaps and related debt’ and the ‘mark to market of undesignated currency swaps and related debt’ are included in ‘Finance Costs’ in the case of a net loss. The mark to market of designated swaps and related debt comprises the gain or loss on interest rate swaps and cross currency interest rate swaps that are in hedge relationships with borrowings, together with the gain or loss on the hedged borrowings which is attributable to the hedged risk. The mark to market of undesignated swaps and related debt comprises the gain or loss on currency swaps which are not designated as hedging instruments, but which are used to offset movements in foreign exchange rates on certain borrowings, along with the currency movement on those borrowings.

Finance Income

Interest income is recognised in the Income Statement as it accrues, using the effective interest method, and includes net gains on hedging instruments that are recognised in the Income Statement.

The mark to market of designated swaps and related debt and the mark to market of undesignated currency swaps and related debt, both as defined above, are included in ‘Finance Income’ in the case of a net gain.

Income Tax

Current tax

Current tax represents the expected tax payable or recoverable on the taxable profit for the year using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date and taking into account any adjustments stemming from prior years.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the liability method on all temporary differences at the balance sheet date which is defined as the difference between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are not subject to discounting and are measured using the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences with the exception of the following:

(i) where the deferred tax liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or the initial recognition of an asset or a liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither the accounting profit nor the taxable profit or loss at the time of the transaction; and

(ii) where, in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates, the timing of the reversal of the temporary difference is subject to control by the Group and it is probable that reversal will not occur in the foreseeable future.

Deferred tax assets are recognised in respect of all deductible temporary differences, carry-forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which to offset these items except:

(i) where the deferred tax asset arises from the initial recognition of an asset or a liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and affects neither the accounting profit nor the taxable profit or loss at the time of the transaction; and

(ii) where, in respect of deductible temporary differences associated with investment in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates, a deferred tax asset is recognised only if it is probable that the deductible temporary difference will reverse in the foreseeable future and that sufficient taxable profits will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilised.

The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits would be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised.

Pension and other Post Employment Obligations

The Group operates defined contribution and defined benefit pension schemes.

The costs arising in respect of the Group’s defined contribution schemes are charged to the Income Statement in the period in which they are incurred. The Group has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions after payment of fixed contributions.

The Group operates a number of defined benefit pension schemes which require contributions to be made to separately administered funds. The liabilities and costs associated with the Group’s defined benefit pension schemes are assessed on the basis of the projected unit credit method by professionally qualified actuaries and are arrived at using actuarial assumptions based on market expectations at the balance sheet date. The Group’s net obligation in respect of defined benefit pension schemes is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefits that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods. That benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan asset is deducted. Plan assets are measured at bid values.

The discount rate employed in determining the present value of the schemes’ liabilities is determined by reference to market yields at the balance sheet date on high quality corporate bonds of a currency and term consistent with the currency and term of the associated post-employment benefit obligations.

The net surplus or deficit arising in the Group’s defined benefit pension schemes are shown within either non-current assets or liabilities in the Group Balance Sheet. The deferred tax impact of pension scheme surpluses and deficits is disclosed separately within deferred tax liabilities or assets as appropriate. Remeasurements, comprising actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest) are recognised immediately in the Group Balance Sheet with a corresponding entry to retained earnings through Other Comprehensive Income in the period in which they occur. Remeasurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

The defined benefit pension asset or liability in the Group Balance Sheet comprises the total for each plan of the present value of the defined benefit obligation less the fair value of plan assets out of which the obligations are to be settled directly. Plan assets are assets that are held by a long-term employee benefit fund or qualifying insurance policies. Fair value is based on market price information and, in the case of published securities, it is the published bid price. The value of any defined benefit asset is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plan and reductions in the future contributions to the plan.

A curtailment arises when the Group is demonstrably committed to make a significant reduction in the number of employees covered by a plan. A past service cost, negative or positive, arises following a change in the present value of the defined benefit obligation for employee service in prior periods, resulting in the current period from the introduction of, or changes to, post employment benefits. A settlement arises where the Group is relieved of responsibility for a pension obligation and eliminates significant risk relating to the obligation and the assets used to effect the settlement. Past-service costs, negative or positive, are recognised immediately in the Income Statement. Losses arising on settlement or curtailment not allowed for in the actuarial assumptions are measured at the date on which the Group becomes demonstrably committed to the transaction. Gains arising on a settlement or curtailment are measured at the date on which all parties whose consent is required are irrevocably committed to the transaction. Curtailment and settlement gains and losses are dealt with in the Income Statement.

Share-Based Payment Transactions

Employees (including Directors) of the Group receive remuneration in the form of share-based payment transactions, whereby employees render service in exchange for shares or rights over shares.

The fair value of share entitlements granted is recognised as an employee expense in the Income Statement with a corresponding increase in equity. The fair value at the grant date is determined using a Monte Carlo simulation technique for the DCC plc Long Term Incentive Plan 2009 and a binomial model for the DCC plc 1998 Employee Share Option Scheme.

The DCC plc Long Term Incentive Plan 2009 contains both market and non-market based vesting conditions. Accordingly, the fair value assigned to the related equity instrument on initial application of IFRS 2 Share-based Payment is adjusted to reflect the anticipated likelihood at the grant date of achieving the market based vesting conditions. The cumulative non-market based charge to the Income Statement is only reversed where entitlements do not vest because non-market performance conditions have not been met or where an employee in receipt of share entitlements relinquishes service before the end of the vesting period.

The DCC plc 1998 Employee Share Option Scheme contains non-market based vesting conditions which are not taken into account when estimating the fair value of entitlements as at the grant date. The expense in the Income Statement represents the product of the total number of options anticipated to vest and the fair value of those options. This amount is allocated on a straight-line basis over the vesting period to the Income Statement with a corresponding credit to Share Based Payment Reserve. The cumulative charge to the Income Statement is only reversed where entitlements do not vest because non-market performance conditions have not been met or where an employee in receipt of share entitlements relinquishes service before the end of the vesting period.

Where the share-based payments give rise to the issue of new equity share capital, the proceeds received by the Company are credited to Share Capital (nominal value) and Share Premium when the share entitlements are exercised. Where the share-based payments give rise to the re-issue of shares from treasury shares, the proceeds of issue are credited to shareholders equity.

The measurement requirements of IFRS 2 have been implemented in respect of share options entitlements granted after 7 November 2002. In accordance with the standard, the disclosure requirements of IFRS 2 have been applied to all outstanding share-based payments regardless of their grant date. The Group does not operate any cash-settled share-based payment schemes or share-based payment transactions with cash alternatives as defined in IFRS 2.

Government Grants

Grants are recognised at their fair value when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions have been complied with.

Capital grants received and receivable by the Group are credited to government grants and are amortised to the Income Statement on a straight-line basis over the expected useful lives of the assets to which they relate.

Revenue grants are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match the grant on a systematic basis to the costs that it is intended to compensate.

Equity

Treasury shares

Where the Company purchases the Company’s equity share capital, the consideration paid is deducted from total equity and classified as treasury shares until they are cancelled. Where such shares are subsequently sold or re-issued, any consideration received is included in total equity.

Dividends

Dividends on Ordinary Shares are recognised as a liability in the Group’s financial statements in the period in which they are approved by the shareholders of the Company. Proposed dividends that are approved after the balance sheet date are not recognised as a liability at that balance sheet date, but are disclosed in the dividends note.

Non-Controlling Interests

Non-controlling interests represent the portion of the equity of a subsidiary not attributable either directly or indirectly to the Parent Company and are presented separately in the Group Income Statement and within equity in the Group Balance Sheet, distinguished from shareholders’ equity attributable to owners of the Parent. Acquisitions of non-controlling interests are accounted for as transactions with equity holders in their capacity as equity holders and therefore no goodwill is recognised as a result of such transactions. On an acquisition by acquisition basis, the Group recognises any non-controlling interest in the acquiree either at fair value or at the non-controlling interest’s proportionate share of the acquiree’s net assets.

2. Financial Risk Management

Financial Risk Factors

The Group uses derivative financial instruments (principally interest rate, currency and cross currency interest rate swaps and forward foreign exchange and commodity contracts) to hedge certain risk exposures, as detailed below, arising from operational, financing and investment activities. The Group does not trade in financial instruments nor does it enter into any leveraged derivative transactions.

Financial risk management within the Group is governed by policies and guidelines reviewed and approved annually by the Board of Directors. These policies and guidelines primarily cover foreign exchange risk, commodity price risk, credit risk, liquidity risk and interest rate risk. Monitoring of compliance with the policies and guidelines is managed by the Group Risk Management function.

The Group’s financial risks are detailed in note 46.

Fair Value Estimation

The fair value of financial instruments traded in active markets is based on quoted market prices at the balance sheet date. The quoted market price used for financial assets held by the Group is the current bid price.

The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market (for example, over-the-counter derivatives) is determined by using valuation techniques. The Group uses a variety of techniques and makes assumptions that are based on market conditions existing at each balance sheet date.

The fair value of interest rate, currency and cross currency interest rate swaps is calculated as the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The fair value of forward foreign exchange contracts is determined using quoted forward exchange rates at the balance sheet date. The fair value of forward commodity contracts is determined using quoted forward commodity prices at the balance sheet date. The fair values of borrowings (none of which are listed) are measured by discounting cash flows at prevailing interest and exchange rates.

The nominal value less impairment provision of trade receivables and payables approximate to their fair values, largely due to their short-term maturities.

Fair values of the Group’s financial assets and financial liabilities are summarised in note 46.

3. Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgements

The Group’s main accounting policies affecting its results of operations and financial condition are set out on this page. In determining and applying accounting policies, judgement is often required in respect of items where the choice of specific policy, accounting estimate or assumption to be followed could materially affect the reported results or net asset position of the Group should it later be determined that a different choice would be more appropriate. Management considers the accounting estimates and assumptions discussed below to be its critical accounting estimates and judgements:

Goodwill

The Group has capitalised goodwill of £690.0 million at 31 March 2014. Goodwill is required to be tested for impairment at least annually or more frequently if changes in circumstances or the occurrence of events indicating potential impairment exist. The Group uses the present value of future cash flows to determine recoverable amount. In calculating the value in use, management judgement is required in forecasting cash flows of cash-generating units, in determining terminal growth values and in selecting an appropriate discount rate. Sensitivities to changes in assumptions are detailed in note 20.

Post Employment Benefits

The Group operates a number of defined benefit retirement plans. The Group’s total obligation in respect of defined benefit plans is calculated by independent, qualified actuaries, updated at least annually and totals £119.9 million at 31 March 2014. At 31 March 2014 the Group also has plan assets totalling £103.9 million, giving a net pension liability of £16.0 million. The size of the obligation is sensitive to actuarial assumptions. These include demographic assumptions covering mortality and longevity, and economic assumptions covering price inflation, benefit and salary increases together with the discount rate used. The size of the plan assets is also sensitive to asset return levels and the level of contributions from the Group. Sensitivities to changes in assumptions are detailed in note 32.

Taxation

The Group is subject to income taxes in a number of jurisdictions. Provisions for tax liabilities require management to make judgements and estimates in relation to tax issues and exposures. Amounts provided are based on management’s interpretation of country specific tax laws and the likelihood of settlement. Where the final tax outcome is different from the amounts that were initially recorded, such differences will impact the current tax and deferred tax provisions in the period in which such determination is made.

Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the unused tax losses and unused tax credits can be utilised. The Group estimates the most probable amount of future taxable profits, using assumptions consistent with those employed in impairment calculations, and taking into account applicable tax legislation in the relevant jurisdiction. These calculations require the use of estimates.

Business Combinations

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method which requires that the assets and liabilities assumed are recorded at their respective fair values at the date of acquisition. The application of this method requires certain estimates and assumptions particularly concerning the determination of the fair values of the acquired assets and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition.

For intangible assets acquired, the Group bases valuations on expected future cash flows. This method employs a discounted cash flow analysis using the present value of the estimated after-tax cash flows expected to be generated from the purchased intangible asset using risk adjusted discount rates and revenue forecasts as appropriate. The period of expected cash flows is based on the expected useful life of the intangible asset acquired.

Environmental Provisions

The Group has provisions for environmental remediation costs at 31 March 2014 of £9.6 million as disclosed in note 34. The main component of this provision relates to restoration liabilities at the Group’s landfill sites. Future remediation costs are affected by a number of uncertainties, the most significant of which is the estimation of the ongoing costs of treating the by-products of bio-degrading waste. Management believes that the total provision is adequate based on currently available information. However, given the inherent difficulties in estimating liabilities in this area, it cannot be guaranteed that additional costs will not be incurred in excess of the amounts accrued. The effect of the resolution of environmental matters on the results of the Group cannot be predicted due to the uncertainty concerning both the amount and the timing of future costs. Such changes that arise could impact the provisions recognised in the Balance Sheet in future periods.

Provision for Impairment of Trade Receivables

The Group trades with a large and varied number of customers on credit terms. Some debts due will not be paid through the default of a small number of customers. The Group uses estimates based on historical experience and current information in determining the level of debts for which a provision for impairment is required. The level of provision required is reviewed on an ongoing basis.

Useful Lives for Property, Plant and Equipment and Intangible Assets

Long-lived assets comprising primarily of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets represent a significant portion of the Group’s total assets. The annual depreciation and amortisation charge depends primarily on the estimated lives of each type of asset and, in certain circumstances, estimates of residual values. Management regularly review these useful lives and change them if necessary to reflect current conditions. In determining these useful lives management consider technological change, patterns of consumption, physical condition and expected economic utilisation of the assets. Changes in the useful lives can have a significant impact on the depreciation and amortisation charge for the period.

4. Segment Information

Analysis by operating segment and by geography

DCC is a sales, marketing, distribution and business support services group headquartered in Dublin, Ireland. Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker has been identified as Mr. Tommy Breen, Chief Executive and his executive management team. The Group is organised into five operating segments: DCC Energy, DCC Technology, DCC Healthcare, DCC Environmental and DCC Food & Beverage.

DCC Energy markets and sells oil products and services for transport, commercial/industrial, marine, aviation and home heating use in Britain, Ireland and Continental Europe. DCC Energy markets and sells liquefied petroleum gas for similar uses in Britain, Ireland and Continental Europe.

DCC Technology sells, markets and distributes a broad range of consumer and SME focussed technology products in Europe.

DCC Healthcare sells, markets and distributes pharmaceutical and medical devices in British and Irish markets. DCC Healthcare also provides outsourced product development, manufacturing, packaging and other services to health and beauty brand owners in Europe.

DCC Environmental provides a broad range of waste management and recycling services to the industrial, commercial, construction and public sectors in Britain and Ireland.

DCC Food & Beverage markets and sells food and beverages in Ireland and wine in Britain. DCC Food & Beverage is also a provider of frozen food supply chain services in Ireland.

The chief operating decision maker monitors the operating results of segments separately in order to allocate resources between segments and to assess performance. Segment performance is predominantly evaluated based on operating profit before amortisation of intangible assets and net operating exceptional items. Net finance costs and income tax are managed on a centralised basis and therefore these items are not allocated between operating segments for the purpose of presenting information to the chief operating decision maker and accordingly are not included in the detailed segmental analysis below.

Intersegment revenue is not material and thus not subject to separate disclosure.

The segment results for the year ended 31 March 2014 are as follows:

Income Statement items

 

Year ended 31 March 2014

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment revenue

8,243,645

2,263,973

406,510

130,635

186,903

11,231,666

 

Operating profit*

110,467

48,092

30,392

11,746

7,706

208,403

Amortisation of intangible assets

(13,686)

(1,974)

(2,711)

(1,285)

(760)

(20,416)

Net operating exceptionals (note 11)

(4,219)

(11,371)

3,285

3,743

(4,721)

(13,283)

 

Operating profit

92,562

34,747

30,966

14,204

2,225

174,704

Finance costs

(52,952)

Finance income

29,413

Share of associates’ profit after tax

33

Profit before income tax

151,198

Income tax expense

(27,255)

Profit for the year

123,943

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Operating profit before amortisation of intangible assets and net operating exceptionals

 

Year ended 31 March 2013 (restated)

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment revenue

8,112,143

1,850,246

320,593

116,107

173,597

10,572,686

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit*

106,170

41,481

22,194

10,895

6,122

186,862

Amortisation of intangible assets

(10,140)

(1,354)

(850)

(1,342)

(734)

(14,420)

Net operating exceptionals (note 11)

(26,325)

2,467

(2,040)

360

1,721

(23,817)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit

69,705

42,594

19,304

9,913

7,109

148,625

Finance costs

 

 

 

 

 

(40,735)

Finance income

 

 

 

 

 

25,291

Share of associates’ loss after tax

 

 

 

 

 

(259)

Profit before income tax

 

 

 

 

 

132,922

Income tax expense

 

 

 

 

 

(26,288)

Profit for the year

 

 

 

 

 

106,634

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Operating profit before amortisation of intangible assets and net operating exceptionals

Balance Sheet items

 

As at 31 March 2014

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment assets

1,400,781

711,053

301,976

172,558

88,542

2,674,910

 

Reconciliation to total assets as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

Investments in associates

824

Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)

57,461

Deferred income tax assets

11,260

Cash and cash equivalents

963,144

Total assets as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

3,707,599

 

Segment liabilities

852,116

516,131

92,376

36,807

42,554

1,539,984

 

Reconciliation to total liabilities as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (current and non-current)

1,042,557

Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)

64,335

Income tax liabilities (current and deferred)

59,802

Deferred and contingent acquisition consideration (current and non-current)

53,323

Government grants (current and non-current)

1,343

Total liabilities as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

2,761,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March 2013 (restated)

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment assets

1,500,063

673,452

281,682

165,749

98,663

2,719,609

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation to total assets as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

 

 

 

 

Investments in associates

 

 

 

 

 

808

Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)

 

 

 

137,706

Deferred income tax assets

 

 

 

 

 

9,478

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

518,925

Total assets as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

 

 

 

3,386,526

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment liabilities

913,137

445,041

78,817

28,987

45,828

1,511,810

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reconciliation to total liabilities as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (current and non-current)

 

 

 

826,775

Derivative financial instruments (current and non-current)

 

 

 

15,808

Income tax liabilities (current and deferred)

 

 

 

 

 

62,201

Deferred and contingent acquisition consideration (current and non-current)

 

 

75,959

Government grants (current and non-current)

 

 

 

 

 

1,631

Total liabilities as reported in the Group Balance Sheet

 

 

 

2,494,184

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other segment information

 

Year ended 31 March 2014

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure - additions

62,447

7,976

6,223

8,062

1,746

86,454

 

Capital expenditure - business combinations

3,990

28

4,629

524

-

9,171

 

Depreciation

35,498

4,551

6,006

7,497

2,578

56,130

 

Total consideration - business combinations

10,466

4,799

25,433

1,536

1,899

44,133

 

Intangible assets acquired - business combinations

10,493

5,574

17,503

1,228

2,136

36,934

 

Impairment of goodwill (note 11)

-

7,286

1,606

-

5,031

13,923

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended 31 March 2013 (restated)

 

DCC

Energy

£’000

DCC

Technology £’000

DCC

Healthcare £’000

DCC Environmental £’000

DCC Food & Beverage

£’000

Total

£’000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure - additions

36,578

3,346

7,176

8,744

2,338

58,182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure - business combinations

51,968

470

11,000

-

-

63,438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

35,880

4,132

4,384

7,358

2,480

54,234

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total consideration - business combinations

104,492

5,747

58,289

-

478

169,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets acquired - business combinations

61,316

4,391

39,566

-

225

105,498

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment of goodwill (note 11)

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geographical analysis

The Group has a presence in 13 countries worldwide. The following represents a geographical analysis of the segment information presented above in accordance with IFRS 8, which requires disclosure of information about the country of domicile (Republic of Ireland) and countries with material revenue and non-current assets.

 

Year ended 31 March

 

UK

Republic of Ireland

Rest of the World

Total

 

Restated

Restated

Restated

Restated

 

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

2014

2013

 

£’000

£’000

£’000

£’000

£’000

£’000

£’000

£’000

Income Statement items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

8,386,889

8,083,476

910,314

835,324

1,934,463

1,653,886

11,231,666

10,572,686

 

 

 

 

 

Operating profit*

158,735

137,696

23,199

20,052

26,469

29,114

208,403

186,862

Amortisation of intangible assets

(11,721)

(8,394)

(2,075)

(1,372)

(6,620)

(4,654)

(20,416)

(14,420)

Net operating exceptionals

2,812

(19,405)

(13,963)

(1,317)

(2,132)

(3,095)

(13,283)

(23,817)

Segment result

149,826

109,897

7,161

17,363

17,717

21,365

174,704

148,625

 

 

 

 

 

Balance Sheet items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment assets

1,984,007

1,980,470

333,502

353,893

357,401

385,246

2,674,910

2,719,609

 

 

 

 

 

Segment liabilities

1,151,614

1,114,137

140,533

150,660

247,837

247,013

1,539,984

1,511,810

 

 

 

 

 

Other segment information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets**

905,113

871,952

187,269

196,971

121,932

122,702

1,214,314

1,191,625

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure - additions

69,403

45,220

11,479

7,867

5,572

5,095

86,454

58,182

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure

 

 

 

 

- business combinations

8,709

46,227

84

228

378

16,983

9,171

63,438

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

40,785

41,235

10,777

9,993

4,568

3,006

56,130

54,234

 

 

 

 

 

Total consideration

 

 

 

 

- business combinations

37,058

106,792

2,030

5,327

5,045

56,887

44,133

169,006

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets acquired

24,890

67,635

2,105

4,897

9,939

32,966

36,934

105,498

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment of goodwill

5,031

-

8,892

-

-

-

13,923

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Operating profit before amortisation of intangible assets and net operating exceptionals

** Non-current assets comprise intangible assets, property, plant and equipment and investments in associates

Revenue and operating profit are derived almost entirely from the sale of goods and are disclosed based on the location of the entity producing the goods. There are no material dependencies or concentrations on individual customers which would warrant disclosure under IFRS 8. The Balance Sheet and other segment information presented above are disclosed based on the location of the assets.

5. Other Operating Income/Expense

 

Restated

 

2014

2013

Other operating income and expense comprise the following credits/(charges):

£’000

£’000

 

 

 

Other operating income

 

 

Fair value gains on non-hedge accounted derivative financial instruments - commodities

44

121

Fair value gains on non-hedge accounted derivative financial instruments - forward exchange contracts

982

2,100

Throughput

6,226

5,521

Haulage

766

503

Rental income

4,385

3,771

Other operating income

7,472

7,113

 

19,875

19,129

Other operating income included in net exceptional items (note 11)

31,101

5,601

Total other operating income

50,976

24,730

 

 

Other operating expenses

 

Expensing of employee share options (note 10)

(1,185)

(1,078)

Fair value losses on non-hedge accounted derivative financial instruments - commodities

(57)

(160)

Fair value losses on non-hedge accounted derivative financial instruments - forward exchange contracts

(1,026)

(1,603)

Other operating expenses

(576)

(1,064)

 

(2,844)

(3,905)

Other operating expenses included in net exceptional items (note 11)

(44,384)

(29,418)

Total other operating expenses

(47,228)

(33,323)